Nicholas Bugosh is inspecting a completed GeoFluv landform during a January 2006 winter tour. Everything forward of the trees on the skyline is GeoFluv land reclamation.

Nicholas Bugosh is the inventor of a new approach to land grading that returns disturbed lands to natural function and appearance that is known as GeoFluv™. In 2009, he formed the company GeoFluv to provide training, coaching, and consulting services in this innovative landform design method. The GeoFluv approach forms the heart of the Carlson Software Natural Regrade module that was released in 2005. Nicholas is also presently the GeoFluv™ Technical Director for Carlson Software.

He resides in Fort Collins, Colorado and is responsible for the development and promotion of the Natural Regrade fluvial geomorphic landform design computer software module worldwide. Natural Regrade is used across the United States, in Canada, Australia, and Romania.

Nicholas' training in geology and hydrology includes Bachelor of Science in Geology and Master of Science in Earth Sciences. He has conducted field research on bedload transportation in mountain streams, worked for state agencies in South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho with mining and water quality regulation, worked as a hydrologic consultant on projects across the United States, and worked as Senior Hydrologist for the New Mexico operations of the largest mining company in the world.

The evolution of GeoFluv design

During his graduate study on bedload transport, he discovered that accepted design methods based on theoretical relationships can produce results that do not agree with observed natural processes (Field verification of predictive bedload formulas in high gradient mountain streams, Masters Thesis, MSU, 1986). Discussions at an American Geomorphological Field Group meeting in 1982 that was hosted by Luna Leopold confirmed to Nicholas that other workers who were active in the field, as well as in the laboratory, were also concluding that accepted methods did not always agree with natural processes. This experience strongly influenced him to observe, measure, and analyze natural processes.

When Nicholas began his professional career working on water quality and land reclamation problems, he was surprised to see how far accepted methods diverged from natural hydrologic principles. In general, the accepted methods viewed flowing water as the problem and sought to control erosion and sedimentation by using various means, e.g., gradient terraces, rip-rap, drop structures, etc., to reduce the discharge velocity. He noted during stream and storm water sampling events that natural landforms without these sorts of features were capable of conveying extreme storms without excessive erosion and sedimentation. These observations led to analyses of the essential features that defined stable landforms.

The next step was to develop a methodology to design stable landforms that used measurements of these essential features taken from stable landforms in the project area as inputs to the design. The resulting method has been named GeoFluv™, adapted from 'fluvial geomorphology', which is literally landforms made by the process of flowing water. The method caught widespread attention when its use was demonstrated for coal mine reclamation, but it is effective for any land-disturbing activity.

GeoFluv describes a particular method (patent pending), adaptable to computer aided design, for designing landforms that will convey runoff water the way a natural landform would. Nicholas joined Carlson Software In 2003 to make the GeoFluv method into a user-friendly software program, which was released in May 2005. This webpage describes the GeoFluv training, Natural Regrade Software, GeoFluv design services, and gives examples of applications to various kinds of projects. It also has references and links to others that are successfully using the GeoFluv method,

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About Landforma

Rod Eckels is an Australian surveyor who has been involved in GPS surveying since 1984. From 1987 -2006 Rod worked for Leica GeoSystems in a rnage of training, sales, support and management roles. In January 1997, Rod moved to Torrance, California where his product management responsibilities were to find new applications for Leica's high dynamic GPS receivers - including Machine Control. In this role, Rod worked closely with Carlson Software who were developing the user interface and CAD software for some of Leica's range of machine guidance products.

Rod met Nicholas Bugosh in 2003 working on mine reclamation activities at La Plata mine, where Nicholas was applying GeoFluv principles to the reclamation design and Leica was providing the Machine Guidance capability. Rod saw that the GeoFluv solution for landform design combined with the new capabilities of Machine Control provided a excellent solution for a long standing reclamation problem.

In 2006 Rod returned to Australia and started a range of activities, including lecturing at the Uni NSW in Surveying and consulting activities.

Rod started Landforma in 2009 to promote and support the GeoFluv approach in Australia.

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